With more than 18.7 crore Aadhaar numbers already issued by the official regulatory body UIDAI, there still exist some doubts among many regarding the use of their Aadhaar to them. Very straightforward, it should be now very clear that Aadhaar, a unique 12-digit number for every resident of this country to establish identity of every individual, also known as Unique Identification Number (UID) is basically a move from the Indian government mainly focussing the welfare of the people especially people belonging to poor class and rural areas. There has been a lot of talks about the benefits and advantages of Aadhaar for the individuals. A lot of people who have enrolled for Aadhaar and have received their Aadhaar number are still in doubt about the use of this unique ID number. Coming back to the main theme of this topic, below is a brief description of how Aadhaar can be/has been/will be beneficial to its beneficiary.
What Aadhaar can do for people from rural areas: Talking very plainly, Aadhaar will be used in the undeviating transfer of wages and welfare payment from the government to its recipient. The main advantage of this process is that it will eliminate any needless delay in reaching to its beneficiary. Also at the same time it will also bring a check in the corruption in between the transaction processes. Since no-frills account linked to Aadhaar, they will serve as Know Your Customer (KYC) authentication for driving license, passport, etc. People can receive their wages and payments directly without losing any money in the form of bribes. For example, MNREGA workers can receive their wages on time and directly to their account. There will also be cash transfer for subsidies like cooking fuel such as kerosene oil, LPG, etc. food and fertilisers. There can be cash transfer for homes under various schemes like Indira Awas Yojna, Anganwadi Staff, girl scholarship, etc. Well this might seem hard to believe this but this is also a fact that all these have been happening in Jharkhand in Ranchi, Hazaribagh, Ramgarh, Sarai Kela where MNREGA wages, old-age pension and school scholarships are transferred through the use of this Aadhaar number. From birth to adulthood, a girl and her family can avail upto 9 existing schemes through Aadhaar. Some of these schemes are Janani Suraksha Yojna, Asha, Ladli Scheme, MNREGA, etc.
What Aadhaar can do for people from urban areas: The UIDAI is not only dedicated to the rural areas people, Aadhaar is also very beneficial for the people from urban areas. Very similar to the benefits of direct and fast transfer for the people of rural areas, Aadhaar will bring a better and efficient transaction which will be very fast and within the budgets as well. There will be instant cash transfer for buying PDS items of which the most important is the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). Aadhaar can be used in Know Your Customer (KYC) authentication for insurance, demat account, mutual fund schemes, landline and mobile phones, vehicle purchase and new gas connections. This is not a future vision rather it is an ongoing processes implemented in the cities like Mysore, Hyderabad and Pune.
What Aadhaar can do for the government of India: The motive of the government to promote the welfare of people of India can be achieved. If put into practice successfully, Aadhaar can ultimately guarantee that the poor people get much more than what they are receiving now.
Well this is not an end to this new vision; there is still a lot to be come and lot to be followed. All we have to do is to wiat for the time to come.